A sonographic analysis of the vocalizations of bullfinches Pyrrhula pyrrhula is presented and their behavioural contexts and functions noted. The vocal repertoire of the bullfinch is compared to that of other finches with particular attention to repertoire size and sexual specificity; the repertoire of 14-17 vocal categories is comparatively greater than that of most carduelines and the majority of vocalizations were given by both sexes. The development of nestling, fledgling and some adult calls is described. Early vocal ontogeny in the bullfinch was similar to that previously described for the chaffinch. The earliest recorded calls of nestling bullfinches showed a single fundamental. The independent use of two sound sources became apparent on the second day after hatching and the major elements of the three best studied call types were all derived from the lower fundamental of the nestling begging call.